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Rubber additives for cleaner tyres
Source：International Plastics News for Asia
Date Published：7/16/2018 04:07:45 PM
Environment-friendly additives from Rhein Chemie enhances product quality while meeting the goals for cleaner tyres
LANXESS’s Rhein Chemie business unit presented its versatile solutions for the manufacture of tyres at a leading tyre expo early this year. These include a wide range of environmentally friendly Rhenodiv release agents, Rhenomark tyre marking paints, Rhenoshape tyre vulcanisation bladders, Rhenogran aramid-fibre masterbatches, and additives.
“The tyre industry remains one of our most important markets,” according to Dr. Dietmar Hoff, Head of Marketing Tyre Products at LANXESS’s Rhein Chemie business unit. “In our Rubber Additives business line, additives for rubber compounds, release agents and tyre curing bladders make a major contribution to our business results. Bladders with a permanent coating make the work even easier for tyre manufacturers – they help make the production process far more efficient by removing the need for constant spraying of release agents.”
Rhein Chemie provides tyre manufacturers with innovative solutions for the production of high-quality tyres. In the manufacture of sealant tyres or low-noise tyres, it is essential that the release agents applied or transferred to the blank are completely removed after vulcanisation. This is important in order to ensure that the subsequently applied polymers or foams adhere. Rhein Chemie provides various solutions for this purpose.
In addition to traditional silicone-based products such as Rhenodiv BP-286 and Rhenodiv BP-2864, which are removed after vulcanisation from the tyres in mechanical washing systems or by means of laser technology, new, 100% silicone-free products such as Rhenodiv BP-166 and Rhenodiv BP-9500 are now available. These are even easier to wash off due to a new, water-soluble release agent. These products also meet the increasing requirement of car manufacturers to completely dispense with the use of silicones during the tyre production process.
Permanently coated Rhenoshape bladders enable tyre manufacturers to vulcanise tyres with no additional release agents, eliminating the need to clean the vulcanised tyres. Since the spraying process for tyre blanks is no longer necessary, no contamination can occur – neither in critical tyre areas nor at the workplace. Likewise, this technology ensures that no silicon is used in the tyre production process.
Reinforcing options for tyres
With its broad portfolio of dithiophosphates, special accelerators and fibre masterbatches, Rhein Chemie provides ideal solutions for nitrosamine-free and highly reinforced tyre compounds.
Rhein Chemie’s dithiophosphates (including Rhenogran TP-50 and Rhenogran SDT-50) are nitrogen-free accelerators that can replace typical sulfenamide, thiuram, and carbamate accelerators. Their advantage is that they mainly form mono- and disulfidic cross-links, which are more thermally stable and less susceptible to reversion. When the dithiophosphates are used in parallel with sulfenamide accelerators, this generates cross-linking synergies which improve the efficiency of the process.
Under extreme mechanical, dynamic, and thermal loads, the aramid fibre masterbatches of the Rhenogran P91-40 series provide an outstanding reinforcing performance for tyre compounds. Rhenogran P91-40 helps to disperse of the highly robust and very light Twaron aramid short fiber pulp evenly into the rubber mixture. Rhenogran P91-40 is not only suitable for use in typical tyre polymers such as NR, IR, BR and SBR, but also for many other types of rubber such as EPDM, CR and NBR.
Improvement in wet-grip performance
In addition to other properties such as rolling resistance, abrasion resistance and noise generation, the wet-grip performance of a tyre is an important safety aspect. With ECO or Green Tyre technology, the addition of Vulkanol TOF to a silica-filled compound for tyre treads can significantly improve wet-grip performance. At the laboratory level, improvements in rolling resistance were also observed. The results of this study are presented by Dr. Hermann-Josef Weidenhaupt, an expert in rubber additives at LANXESS’s Rhein Chemie business unit, in his presentation “The Way to Improve Wet and Ice Traction of Tyres”.
The Rhein Chemie business unit supplies the rubber industry with a broad portfolio of pre-dispersed polymer-bound additives, processing promoters, vulcanization and filler activators, light protection waxes, release agents, tyre marking paints and high-performance curing bladders.