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Review of Thailand electric vehicle production

Source:Int'l Metalworking News for Asia     Date:2021-06-22
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Amid the rising adoption of cleaner cars around the globe, the Thailand Board of Investment (BOI) has already approved 24 projects by car makers to produce in the country electric vehicles of all types, including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs), with a combined capacity of over 500,000 units per year, BOI data shows.



With the ongoing shift towards EV in the global, regional and domestic markets, Thailand is counting on its strong foundation in the automotive and support sectors, as well as its strategic location, and comprehensive investment incentives to attract car makers investment in EV manufacturing.


The approved projects include Mitsubishi Motors (Thailand) Co., Ltd.'s 5.48 billion baht (US$175 million) investment to upgrade the company’s existing car production line at Laem Chabang Industrial Estate to allow the annual production from 2023 of a total of 39,000 vehicles, consisting of some 9,500 BEVs and 29,500 HEVs. In June 2020, the BOI also approved a 5.5 billion baht (US$175 million) investment by Sammitr Group for the production, in Phetchaburi Province, of 30,000 BEVs. Both projects, like most others, will aim at the local market and exports, mainly to other ASEAN countries.


Other manufacturers with approved projects includes BMW (production of PHEVs and partnership with the DRÄXLMAIER Group for the production of high-voltage batteries and battery modules); FOMM, a new Japanese EV brand which name means "First One Mile Mobility" has started making compact BEVs at a plant in Chonburi province; and Nissan Motor which has for several years made significant investment in hybrid car production in Thailand and received approval recently for a new BEV production project.


Besides the 5 HEV projects, 6 PHEV projects and 13 BEV projects approved since BOI first rolled out a comprehensive set of incentives covering all major aspects of the EV supply chain. The agency has also approved 10 battery production projects with a total capacity of half a million units per year and 2 charging station production projects that will make more than 4,400 outlets per year, Ms. Sonklin Ploymee, Executive Director of the BOI’s Industrial Linkage Development Division, told a recent webinar about the Electric Vehicle Market in Asia.


Thailand, South East Asia’s largest automotive production hub has no local content requirement for auto industry, making supply chain management more convenient for manufacturers, Ms. Sonklin said at the event, which was part of the ASEAN Sustainable Energy webinar series on the Impact of the Covid-19 outbreak.


In Thailand, EV adoption has been growing continuously, with more than 30,000 new HEVs/PHEVs and more than 1,200 battery electric cars and motorcycles registered in 2019, with approximately 750 charging outlets were setup in some 500 locations, according to Mr. Krisda Utamote, Vice President of the Electric Vehicle Association of Thailand.


Bloomberg NEF's Allen Abraham told the webinar that projections show that in 2020, due to the impact of the coronavirus, the market will see the first decline of passenger EV sales, down by 18% from the previous year to 1.7 million units. However, a quick recovery is expected with passenger EV sales rising to a projected 5.4 million units in 2023. The growth, especially in China and Europe, he pointed out, is driven by policy support and the development of lithium-ion battery.


Thailand leads ASEAN In electric vehicle production

According to the Electric Vehicle Association of Thailand, the number of companies that are part of Thailand's electric vehicle industry has risen significantly since 2015, from 76 to 420 in 2019. This increase represents an increase of over 81 percent growth in the number of companies operating in Thailand's electric vehicle ecosystem.  


Thailand is the largest producer of vehicles in the ASEAN region and the 11th largest automotive producer in the World, producing more that 2.17 million units in 2018. With a population of over 645 million consumers in ASEAN alone, the industry is projected to grow even more as demand across the rest of Asia increases. 


Electric vehicle battery production is growing in Thailand, with manufacturing plants operated by SAIC, Honda, Toyota and a recently announced Mercedes production facility.


"We are pleased to welcome the location of a Mercedes-Benz battery production facility to the Bangkok region," said Vorawan Norasucha, Director of the New York office of the Thailand Board of Investment, "The new Mercedes facility is the third of its kind in Mercedes' global battery production network, designed to produce plug-in hybrid automotive batteries."


With the investment, Mercedes-Benz and its partners are responding to high demand for electric mobility in Thailand and throughout the ASEAN region. The plant is a welcomed addition to Thailand's automotive ecosystem, as the country makes efforts to shift toward carbon neutral mobility solutions.


"Thailand is making great progress in the area of sustainable mobility," added Ms. Norasucha, "We offer a range of tax incentives for automotive companies focused on electric vehicle parts production, as well as fuel efficient vehicle assembly."


Mercedes joins other large multinational automotive companies with energy efficient vehicle operations in Thailand. Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Mazda, Mercedes, BMW, and Audi produce hybrid, battery powered and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in Thailand.


Source: Thailand Board of Investment (BOI)



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